are small, softplantscalledbryophytes, that are typically 1–10 cm
(0.4–4 in) tall, though some species are much larger. They commonly grow
close together in clumps or mats in damp or shady locations. They do
not haveflowersorseeds, and their simple leaves cover the thin wiry
stems. At certain times mosses produce spore capsules which may appear
as beak-like capsules borne aloft on thin stalks.