A speech refers to a formal address or talk delivered / given to an audience. Or

A speech refers to a vocalized form of human communication.

It may also denote a formal presentation on a given topic or subject.

A speech may also refer to a formal faculty or act of speaking, expressing or describing thoughts, feelings or perceptions through the articulation of words. Speech is written first before presenting.

Normally, speech can be presented during seminar, graduation, workshop, political campaigns, report, project presentations, religious speeches, meetings, public meeting, ceremonies and functions. OR

A speech is a formal address or talk directed to a specific audience on a topic of some importance. It can also refer to a formal writings prepared to be delivered during a given accession, ceremony or farewell party.

A speech implies three things: the speaker, what he says (message and language) and the listener or audience.


(I) HEADING (it should be centered and underlined)

–  Speaker (Name and position).

–  Occasion (i.e. wedding, graduation, religious, political etc).

–  Venue (Place where the event takes place).

–  Date




This is giving hierarchically beginning from the most important to the least ones.


His excellence the honorable president, the vice president, Prime minister, honorable ministers, members of parliament, ladies and gentlemen, Good morning.

Example:   The village chairperson

Members of the school board,

The headmaster,

The second master,

Teachers and parents,

Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen.

Good morning.


–  It gives me much pleasure…………………

–  I am pleased to introduce you to………………….

–  I feel honored to……………….

–  Many I take this opportunity to…………..

–  I feel highly privileged to stand before you………….




–  Thank you very much for your attention.

–  Thank you for listening.

–  Thank you in advance.


When writing a speech you should consider the following view points;


This includes light hearted remarks, not immediately relevant to the topic of the speech. They are usually made to establish good rapport (relationship) between the speaker and his audience. These light hearted remarks are preceded with a title and greetings. At this stage the speaker introduces the topic of his speech.

Under introduction the speaker is supposed to give salutation by starting from the most superior to downward. That mean that if it is a speech delivered at school the speaker may simply say;


This is the way of addressing the audience. When making salutation we normally start with the most superior people to downwards. Example, The headmaster, Second Master, Academic master, discipline master, heads of departments, teachers and students, ladies and gentlemen, Good morning. Then, Make an introductory remark on the item you are going to speak about i.e. any background information on what you are going to speak. E.g. I am here in front of you in order to share/ to express my experience that I gain during my study tour in USA. Or to day our fellow form four students are celebrating for their graduation party….;


The main body of a speech is likely to be marked by a series of points, issues, problems or arguments organized in a logical sequence. The language is usually formal and matches the subject matter.


This is a part from summing up the contents of the speech. In this case the speaker needs to express best wishes at the end and give the word of thanks. Also if there is a reward it should be given at the end of speech.


Think on the purpose of the speech- why do you want to prepare a speech?

Think on the context and audience whom do you want to write a speech.

Plan for the heading/ title of your speech. The title/heading should be taken from the topic or subject given. It should relate with the event that takes place and requires a speech.

The title/heading should be very brief, clear and readable. It should be direct to the event/function that takes place.

Make a good introduction, starting with, greeting from the superior/guest of honor to the least people. Example; Honorable Guest of Honor,…,Your Excellency……,Secretary General…..Mr. president….., the highness…….., the majority……., etc. It will depend with the title/position of the guest of honor during the event.

After introduction/greeting, clarify a little bit about the event, clarify the function taking place.

The main body –concentrate on ideas as conveyed in the question/topic given, put each idea in a new paragraph giving examples and evidences. Observe a logical arrangement of ideas with good grammar.

If you have a guest of honor, address your speech to him/her, but if there is no guest of honor and your speaking to general audience use the words’’ ladies and gentleman “in every beginning of a new idea.

Use appropriate vocabulary.. Do not use contractions example; I’ll, I don’t, we’ve, I’ve, etc. Use link words/connectors such as besides, finally, moreover, despite, on top of that, etc.

Give your own suggestion / view opinions on what you have discussed in your speech.


Delivering a speech requires some things to take into consideration to make your argument more effective and interesting.

The following are some of these things:

Stand upright or in the place where you can be seen by all the audience.

Look all side so as to hold your audience.

Allow eye contact with the audience, a glance to your speech is enough.

Avoid repetition , speak moderately, enrich your speech by using proverbs, idioms to make it more colourful (but this will depend with the audience)

If you feel nervous in front of the audience, take a deep breath and put your legs apart and wait for several minutes before continuing.

Observe the time duration so that your speech could not bore the audience.

Avoid using offensive and aggressive language/comments that are embarrassing to the listener/ audience.

Imagine that the Minister of Education has donated textbooks to Mivumoni Islamic seminary. You are the speaker of the student’s government and have been requested to give a thanks giving speech on behalf of all students. Write your speech.



Hon Dr. Shukuru Kawambwa, Minister of Education and Vocational training,

Dr. Zawadi Simba, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education and Vocational training,

Regional and District education officers,

Chairman of Yang j – Education foundation,

Administration staff and students of Mivumoni Islamic seminary,

Ladies and Gentlemen, Good morning.

I feel so much honored to be granted this brilliant opportunity to speak before you for the first graduation of our school, Mivumoni Islamic Seminary. I am therefore very grateful to administration of the school for giving me this golden opportunity.

Honorable Minister,

Ever since the establishment of Mivumoni Islamic Seminary in 2005, the school has through what I may call several advancements. The school started with only 30 students at the very beginning but thanks God the great that we were able to admit more students than before from year to year. Indeed, we are very grateful to the parents who trust us and give us the necessary support.

Honorable Minister,

Mivumoni Islamic Seminary has been an outstanding Islamic school in terms of academic and discipline thus making a remarkable difference in the history of education in Tanzania. This has been so as a result of friendly ties (relationship) between teachers and parents.

Dear the Honorable Minister,

From the achievements attained by this school, May I kindly take this opportunity urging (asking) the Minister, Parents together will all the invited guests on this occasion to become our good ambassadors for our beloved school so as to foster academic excellence in Tanzania as for Mivumoni Islamic Seminary is where quality education lies.

Honorable Minister,

I also kindly wish to remind our dear graduates that they still have a long live and let this stage be as a cornerstone for their success in life and I am very optimistic (hopeful) that future ministers, leaders, engineers and other professional will arise from these faces right here.

Dear Honorable Minister,

May I take this opportunity to congratulate our graduates and wishing them better results in their National examinations.

Thank you so much for your calm attention.


 Thank you the distinguished guest of honor, the village executive officer, the village council of elders, the invited guests and all the villagers.

I feel honored as I stand on the altar of this platform this very evening, inwardly; I am overjoyed to see you attending this gathering in such a large number. I am also too much delighted to join with you in sharing some sorts of knowledge about the importance of census.

Dear fellow villagers, let me first begin by defining the concept of census. The term Census refers to an official account of a population carried out at set of intervals. There are so many reasons as to why our nation is obliged to conduct census for every ten years, some of the reasons are as follows.

Firstly, it is important for our nation to conduct census for every ten years in order to plan for the national budget. This is very true, because when the nation or the government conducts census, it will be in a very good position to know the number of people residing in the country, hence makes it easier to plan for the budget of the country, also to know which sector needs to be improved. Some of the sectors include healthy sectors, education sectors, and energy sectors to mention the notable ones.

Secondly, our beloved villagers, there is a great need for us to conduct census after every ten years so as to identify the population rate in the country. As we all know that, the process of conducting census involves counting the number of people in the country, it is from this process that we know the exact number of adult people, men, women and children. In addition to that, it enables us to know the number of both able bodied people and the disabled ones in the society.

Dear villagers the third importance which gives us the reason behind to conduct census is to understand the death rate in the country. Census helps us to know the number of death rate in the country. This is because during the census exercise, scientific researched data and statistics are provided by the qualified researchers who are closely connected in census and they provide full participation in providing mass education concerning the whole concept of census exercise.

My beloved villagers, another importance of our nation to conduct census after every ten years goes further in understanding the birth rate of the nation. It is very difficult for the people living in a certain nation to know the birth rate of the nation in question incase that nation does not see any importance in conducting census. Therefore, we are very much impressed to support census campaign as we need to get to know the exact data and statistics concerning birth rate so that the government may design initiative programs to solve the problems arise.

Last but not the least; census is very important for our socio-economic community development as it enables us to plan on how to provide the social services such as improvement of social services like schools, hospitals, construction of wells and improvement of physical infrastructures like roads, railways and water ways. When we do not have the tendency of conducting census, it will be like digging our own graves and that it will be a day dream to expect to experience community development.

With these few words, I hope you have well understood the concept of census and its importance in our community development. I would like to end up here; I have enjoyed being invited as the main speaker of the topic in question. I hope we shall meet again and again as this is not the end but just the beginning. Thanks for your active listening and good bye!!!


Your fellow students have elected you Head-prefect. Write a speech you intend to give on the results of the election are going to be announced.

Imagine that you are the executive officer of Kiganza Village. Write a speech of not more than 250 words you would deliver to educate your people on the importance of education in the society.

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